Friday, 29 November 2019 06:46

Create Table of Contents (TOC) in PDF in Java

Written by  support iceblue
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Table of contents (TOC) makes the PDF documents more accessible and easier to navigate, especially for large files. This article demonstrates how to create table of contents (TOC) for a PDF document using Spire.PDF for Java.

import com.spire.pdf.*;
import com.spire.pdf.actions.PdfGoToAction;
import com.spire.pdf.annotations.*;
import com.spire.pdf.general.PdfDestination;
import com.spire.pdf.graphics.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.*;

public class TableOfContent {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
    {
        //load PDF file
        PdfDocument doc = new PdfDocument("sample.pdf");
        int pageCount = doc.getPages().getCount();
        //Insert a new page as the first page to draw table of content
        PdfPageBase tocPage = doc.getPages().insert(0);
        //set title
        String title = "Table Of Contents";
        PdfTrueTypeFont titleFont = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Arial",  Font.BOLD,20));
        PdfStringFormat centerAlignment = new PdfStringFormat(PdfTextAlignment.Center, PdfVerticalAlignment.Middle);
        Point2D location = new Point2D.Float((float) tocPage.getCanvas().getClientSize().getWidth() / 2, (float) titleFont.measureString(title).getHeight());
        tocPage.getCanvas().drawString(title, titleFont, PdfBrushes.getCornflowerBlue(), location, centerAlignment);
        //draw TOC text
        PdfTrueTypeFont titlesFont = new PdfTrueTypeFont(new Font("Arial", Font.PLAIN,14));
        String[] titles = new String[pageCount];
        for (int i = 0; i < titles.length; i++) {
            titles[i] = String.format("page%1$s", i + 1);
        }
        float y = (float)titleFont.measureString(title).getHeight() + 10;
        float x = 0;
        for (int i = 1; i <= pageCount; i++) {
            String text = titles[i - 1];
            Dimension2D titleSize = titlesFont.measureString(text);
            PdfPageBase navigatedPage = doc.getPages().get(i);
            String pageNumText = (String.valueOf(i+1));
            Dimension2D pageNumTextSize = titlesFont.measureString(pageNumText);
            tocPage.getCanvas().drawString(text, titlesFont, PdfBrushes.getCadetBlue(), 0, y);
            float dotLocation = (float)titleSize.getWidth() + 2 + x;
            float pageNumlocation = (float)(tocPage.getCanvas().getClientSize().getWidth() - pageNumTextSize.getWidth());
            for (float j = dotLocation; j < pageNumlocation; j++) {
                if (dotLocation >= pageNumlocation) {
                    break;
                }
                tocPage.getCanvas().drawString(".", titlesFont, PdfBrushes.getGray(), dotLocation, y);
                dotLocation += 3;
            }
            tocPage.getCanvas().drawString(pageNumText, titlesFont, PdfBrushes.getCadetBlue(), pageNumlocation, y);
            //add TOC action
            Rectangle2D titleBounds = new Rectangle2D.Float(0,y,(float)tocPage.getCanvas().getClientSize().getWidth(),(float)titleSize.getHeight());
            PdfDestination Dest = new PdfDestination(navigatedPage, new Point2D.Float(-doc.getPageSettings().getMargins().getTop(), -doc.getPageSettings().getMargins().getLeft()));
            PdfActionAnnotation action = new PdfActionAnnotation(titleBounds, new PdfGoToAction(Dest));
            action.setBorder(new PdfAnnotationBorder(0));
            ((PdfNewPage) ((tocPage instanceof PdfNewPage) ? tocPage : null)).getAnnotations().add(action);
            y += titleSize.getHeight() + 10;
        }

        //save the resultant file
        doc.saveToFile("addTableOfContent.pdf");
        doc.close();
    }
}

Output:

Create Table of Contents (TOC) in PDF in Java

Additional Info

  • tutorial_title: