Thursday, 20 January 2011 10:26

Pie Charts-Create Excel Pie Chart for C#/VB.NET

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Why We Create Excel Pie Charts?

Create excel pie charts is a simple method to display your data to other individuals or a group. Excel pie charts can easily relay your messages that may otherwise go unnoticed by your audience. Pie charts are helpful for international audiences because they are universally known and easily explained. And it's extremely easy to create and use in Excel.

Pie charts, unlike other charts in Microsoft Excel, require the data in your worksheet be contained in only one row or column. By indicating a "category", an additional row or column can be used. Relative sizes are easy to compare as each piece of data is represented as a portion of a whole.

How to Create Excel Pie Charts in Microsoft Excel?

Every one of you can create excel pie charts in no time by using Microsoft Excel through the following steps:
  • Launch Microsoft Office Excel and open your excel file which with the data that you want to base your pie chart on.
  • Select the data that you want to base your chart on. The last cell that you want to select will not be chosen but it will have bold outline borders around it.
  • Click "Insert" button to open Chart Wizard window. Click on "Pie" in the right side column of Chart Type. Several sub-types of pie charts will be offered for you to choose. Pick a proper type which can best match with your data and click "Next"
  • Prevew on this new interface. If the pie chart with wrong information or even no pie chart appears, click "Cancel" and select your data, try the above process again. If everything is OK, click "Next"
  • On the new window, enter labels and a title for your pie chart. Click "Finish" when you see the pie chart appears as you want.
  • On your spreadsheet, click the box and drag your mouse to manipulate the size of the chart. By right clicking the chart and box, you can get many options to edit the pie chart.

How to Use Spire.XLS for .NET to Creat Excel Pie Charts?

Spire.XLS presents you an easy way to create a pie chart in the Excel workbook. First, you should create a pie chart with the sheet.Charts.Add method. You may control the resource of the data and title of the chart by setting DataRange and ChartTitle properties. What's more, we create an object to operate more about the chart. You may set the label and value of the pie with the properties cs.CategoryLabels and cs.Values. If you want to hide the value of the pie, you may set the cs.DataPoints.DefaultDataPoint.DataLabels.HasValue property false. In this demo, in order to reflect the effect of the chart, we set the grid lines of the worksheet invisible by assigning the sheet.GridLinesVisible false.
Use the C#/VB.NET codes of Spire.XLS for .NET below to create excel pie charts:
[C#]
using Spire.Xls;
using System.Drawing;

namespace Saveas
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            //Create a new workbook
            Workbook workbook = new Workbook();

            //Initialize worksheet
            workbook.CreateEmptySheets(1);
            Worksheet sheet = workbook.Worksheets[0];

            //Set sheet name
            sheet.Name = "Chart data";

            //Set the grid lines invisible
            sheet.GridLinesVisible = false;

            //Create a chart
            Chart chart = sheet.Charts.Add(ExcelChartType.Pie3D);

            //Set region of chart data
            chart.DataRange = sheet.Range["B2:B5"];
            chart.SeriesDataFromRange = false;

            //Set position of chart
            chart.LeftColumn = 1;
            chart.TopRow = 6;
            chart.RightColumn = 9;
            chart.BottomRow = 25;

            //Chart title
            chart.ChartTitle = "Sales by year";
            chart.ChartTitleArea.IsBold = true;
            chart.ChartTitleArea.Size = 12;

            //Initialize the chart series
            Spire.Xls.Charts.ChartSerie cs = chart.Series[0];

            //Chart Labels resource
            cs.CategoryLabels = sheet.Range["A2:A5"];

            //Chart value resource
            cs.Values = sheet.Range["B2:B5"];

            //Set the value visible in the chart
            cs.DataPoints.DefaultDataPoint.DataLabels.HasValue = true;

            //Year
            sheet.Range["A1"].Value = "Year";
            sheet.Range["A2"].Value = "2002";
            sheet.Range["A3"].Value = "2003";
            sheet.Range["A4"].Value = "2004";
            sheet.Range["A5"].Value = "2005";

            //Sales
            sheet.Range["B1"].Value = "Sales";
            sheet.Range["B2"].NumberValue = 4000;
            sheet.Range["B3"].NumberValue = 6000;
            sheet.Range["B4"].NumberValue = 7000;
            sheet.Range["B5"].NumberValue = 8500;

            //Style
            sheet.Range["A1:B1"].Style.Font.IsBold = true;
            sheet.Range["A2:B2"].Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightYellow;
            sheet.Range["A3:B3"].Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightGreen1;
            sheet.Range["A4:B4"].Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightOrange;
            sheet.Range["A5:B5"].Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightTurquoise;

            //Border
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeTop].Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128);
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeTop].LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin;
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeBottom].Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128);
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeBottom].LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin;
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeLeft].Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128);
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeLeft].LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin;
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeRight].Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128);
            sheet.Range["A1:B5"].Style.Borders[BordersLineType.EdgeRight].LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin;
            
            //Number format
            sheet.Range["B2:C5"].Style.NumberFormat = "\"$\"#,##0";           
            chart.PlotArea.Fill.Visible = false;
                  
            //Save the file
            workbook.SaveToFile("Sample.xls");

            //Launch the file
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("Sample.xls");
        }
    }
}
          
[VB.NET]
Imports Spire.Xls
Imports System.Drawing

Module Module1

    Sub Main()
        'Create a new workbook
        Dim workbook As New Workbook()

        'Initialize worksheet
        workbook.CreateEmptySheets(1)
        Dim sheet As Worksheet = workbook.Worksheets(0)

        'Set sheet name
        sheet.Name = "Chart data"

        'Set the grid lines invisible
        sheet.GridLinesVisible = False

        'Create a chart
        Dim chart As Chart = sheet.Charts.Add(ExcelChartType.Pie3D)

        'Set region of chart data
        chart.DataRange = sheet.Range("B2:B5")
        chart.SeriesDataFromRange = False

        'Set position of chart
        chart.LeftColumn = 1
        chart.TopRow = 6
        chart.RightColumn = 9
        chart.BottomRow = 25

        'Chart title
        chart.ChartTitle = "Sales by year"
        chart.ChartTitleArea.IsBold = True
        chart.ChartTitleArea.Size = 12

        'Set the chart
        Dim cs As Spire.Xls.Charts.ChartSerie = chart.Series(0)

        'Chart Labels resource
        cs.CategoryLabels = sheet.Range("A2:A5")

        'Chart value resource
        cs.Values = sheet.Range("B2:B5")

        'Set the value visible in the chart
        cs.DataPoints.DefaultDataPoint.DataLabels.HasValue = True

        'Year
        sheet.Range("A1").Value = "Year"
        sheet.Range("A2").Value = "2002"
        sheet.Range("A3").Value = "2003"
        sheet.Range("A4").Value = "2004"
        sheet.Range("A5").Value = "2005"

        'Sales
        sheet.Range("B1").Value = "Sales"
        sheet.Range("B2").NumberValue = 4000
        sheet.Range("B3").NumberValue = 6000
        sheet.Range("B4").NumberValue = 7000
        sheet.Range("B5").NumberValue = 8500

        'Style
        sheet.Range("A1:B1").Style.Font.IsBold = True
        sheet.Range("A2:B2").Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightYellow
        sheet.Range("A3:B3").Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightGreen1
        sheet.Range("A4:B4").Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightOrange
        sheet.Range("A5:B5").Style.KnownColor = ExcelColors.LightTurquoise

        'Border
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeTop).Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128)
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeTop).LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeBottom).Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128)
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeBottom).LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeLeft).Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128)
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeLeft).LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeRight).Color = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 128)
        sheet.Range("A1:B5").Style.Borders(BordersLineType.EdgeRight).LineStyle = LineStyleType.Thin

        'Number format
        sheet.Range("B2:C5").Style.NumberFormat = """$""#,##0"
        chart.PlotArea.Fill.Visible = False

        'Save doc file.
        workbook.SaveToFile("Sample.xls")

        'Launch the MS Word file.
        System.Diagnostics.Process.Start("Sample.xls")

    End Sub
End Module
          
After running the demo, you may find a pie appear in the document:
Generate Excel Pie Chart

Additional Info

  • tutorial_title: Create Excel Pie Chart
Last modified on Wednesday, 08 January 2014 02:20